Research-Based Reading Instruction

The creators of Rusty and Rosy Reading™ have invested more than 10 years in research and development.  The curriculum is based on proven teaching principles and the latest and most effective methods in curriculum design. To ensure the instruction meets the needs of early learners, Waterford Institute™ has worked with dozens of scholarly and research consultants. The program is continually evaluated in order to ensure children are receiving the highest quality personalized instruction.

Proven Effective

Students using Waterford products show consistent gains.

Rusty and Rosy Reading is award-winning, research-based reading instruction that is proven effective in teaching children to read. More than 40 independent studies over two decades have proven the curriculum in Rusty and Rosy Reading and its school equivalent (Waterford Early Learning Early Reading Program™) to help a wide range of children achieve academic success, including

  • Children in preschool through second grade (ages four to eight)
  • Children in Response to Intervention (RtI) differentiated tiers
  • English language learners
  • At-risk readers
  • Advanced readers
  • Special education (IEP) children

Verified to help at-risk readers and children in RtI differentiated tiers, Rusty and Rosy Reading has proven itself to be a research-based reading intervention program, providing children with the individualized instruction they need to succeed in learning to read.

Rusty and Rosy’s research-based reading program has been formally assessed in a variety of schools and districts of varying size, location, and socioeconomic status. The consistency of these research results, both within and between studies, has been impressive. In each of the studies where Rusty and Rosy Reading’s school equivalent (Waterford Early Learning® Early Reading Programä) was used, classes that used the program outperformed comparison-group classes in most, if not all, the examined assessment measures.

The Research

Tucson, Arizona Kindergarten:
Study Creative Research Associates
In 2006, Creative Research Associates, an independent research agency, evaluated Early Reading Program* software curriculum in 10 schools. Even they were surprised by the powerful results! The conclusion: the more frequently children used the software, the more reading gains they made.

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Final Evaluation of the Reading Initiative:
Herbert J. Walberg
As part of a reading initiative by the Albertson Foundation, Early Reading Program* was implemented in selected kindergarten classroom in Idaho. In addition to outstanding achievement results from the young children that used the program, it was found that Early Reading Program produced especially substantial gains in schools where teachers were well trained in the use of the program.

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Emergent Literacy Skills and Training Time Uniquely Predict Variability in Response to Phonemic Awareness Training in Disadvantaged Kindergarteners:
Steven A. Hecht and Linda Close
In a study to address the issue of phonemic awareness training for disadvantaged kindergartners, Early Reading Program* was carefully sequenced into a mix of other phonological awareness activities. It was found that the more time students spent receiving phonemic awareness training, including Early Reading Program exposure, the better the emergent literacy outcomes.

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The Impact of a Reading-focused Integrated Learning System on Phonological Awareness in Kindergarten:
When Early Reading Program* was implemented into a kindergarten class to work in conjunction with existing literacy instruction, findings showed that despite no significant differences in pre-test scores, students using Early Reading Program experienced a faster acquisition of phonological awareness skills than students who did not.

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Evaluation of Waterford Early Reading Program in Kindergarten 2005-06:
Stephen Powers, Ph.D. and Connie Price-Johnson, M.A.
When reading achievement by kindergartners using Early Reading Program* was tested, the expected usage was 15 minutes a day, four times a week. The results from the highest performing Early Reading Program students indicated that the more a student experiences the program’s content, the greater the reading gains.

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The Impact of a Structured Integrated Learning System on First-grade Students’ Reading Gains:
Jerrell C. Cassady and Lawrence L. Smith
In a study examining the effects of Early Reading Program* on reading achievement gains for first-grade students, Early Reading Program made a dramatic difference, with the greatest gains achieved by students with a reading skill below the 25th percentile at the beginning of the first grade.

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A Study of the Correlation between Test Gains and Time Spent Using the Waterford Early Reading Program:
Early Reading Program* was implemented into several schools in Dallas, Texas. This study found that the lowest-performing students benefited from Early Reading Program instruction most with the greatest achievement gains.

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Evaluation of Waterford Early Reading Program Collins Garden and Nelson Elementary Schools, San Antonio, TX:
Research, Assessment & Measurement, Inc.
Over the course of a year, kindergarten students in two San Antonio, Texas, elementary schools used Early Reading Program* in an effort to develop the essential skills necessary to become successful readers. By the end-of-the-year assessment, most students who had scored in the bottom third of the pre-test had closed the gap dramatically to attain levels of mastery near those of the class’s top third.

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Evaluation of Waterford Early Reading Program Hacienda la Puente Unified School District Whittier City School District Lost Angeles County, CA:
Research, Assessment & Measurement, Inc.
Early Reading Program* was part of a three-year study conducted among students in two school districts in the Los Angeles area. After just six months of Early Reading Program training, the average growth scores for Early Reading Program students were significantly higher than those of comparison classes.

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*Waterford Early Learning Early Reading Program is the school equivalent to Rusty and Rosy Reading.